Rastrick, John Urpeth

[br]
b. 26 January 1780 Morpeth, England
d. 1 November 1856 Chertsey, England
[br]
English engineer whose career spanned the formative years of steam railways, from constructing some of the earliest locomotives to building great trunk lines.
[br]
John Urpeth Rastrick, son of an engineer, was initially articled to his father and then moved to Ketley Ironworks, Shropshire, c. 1801. In 1808 he entered into a partnership with John Hazledine at Bridgnorth, Shropshire: Hazledine and Rastrick built many steam engines to the designs of Richard Trevithick, including the demonstration locomotive Catch-Me-Who-Can. The firm also built iron bridges, notably the bridge over the River Wye at Chepstow in 1815–16.
Between 1822 and 1826 the Stratford \& Moreton Railway was built under Rastrick's direction. Malleable iron rails were laid, in one of the first instances of their use. They were supplied by James Foster of Stourbridge, with whom Rastrick went into partnership after the death of Hazledine. In 1825 Rastrick was one of a team of engineers sent by the committee of the proposed Liverpool \& Manchester Railway (L \& MR) to carry out trials of locomotives built by George Stephenson on the Killingworth Waggonway. Early in 1829 the directors of the L \& MR, which was by then under construction, sent Rastrick and James Walker to inspect railways in North East England and report on the relative merits of steam locomotives and fixed engines with cable haulage. They reported, rather hesitantly, in favour of the latter, particularly the reciprocal system of Benjamin Thompson. In consequence the Rainhill Trials, at which Rastrick was one of the judges, were held that October. In 1829 Rastrick constructed the Shutt End colliery railway in Worcestershire, for which Foster and Rastrick built the locomotive Agenoria; this survives in the National Railway Museum. Three similar locomotives were built to the order of Horatio Allen for export to the USA.
From then until he retired in 1847 Rastrick found ample employment surveying railways, appearing as a witness before Parliamentary committees, and supervising construction. Principally, he surveyed the southern part of the Grand Junction Railway, which was built for the most part by Joseph Locke, and the line from Manchester to Crewe which was eventually built as the Manchester \& Birmingham Railway. The London \& Brighton Railway (Croydon to Brighton) was his great achievement: built under Rastrick's supervision between 1836 and 1840, it included three long tunnels and the magnificent Ouse Viaduct. In 1845 he was Engineer to the Gravesend \& Rochester Railway, the track of which was laid through the Thames \& Medway Canal's Strood Tunnel, partly on the towpath and partly on a continuous staging over the water.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
FRS 1837.
Bibliography
1829, with Walker, Report…on the Comparative Merits of Locomotive and Fixed Engines, Liverpool.
Further Reading
C.F.Dendy Marshall, 1953, A History of Railway Locomotives Down to the End of the Year 1831, The Locomotive Publishing Co.
R.E.Carlson, 1969, The Liverpool \& Manchester Railway Project 1821–1831, Newton Abbot: David \& Charles.
C.Hadfield and J.Norris, 1962, Waterways to Stratford, Newton Abbot: David \& Charles (covers Stratford and Moreton Railway).
PJGR

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Urpeth Rastrick — Infobox Person name = John Urpeth Rastrick caption = birth date = birth date|1780|1|26|mf=y birth place = Morpeth, Northumberland death date = death date|1856|11|1|mf=y death place = Chertsey, SurreyJohn Urpeth Rastrick (January 26 1780 ndash;… …   Wikipedia

  • Rastrick (disambiguation) — Rastrick is a village in West Yorkshire, England. It may also refer to: * Rastrick High SchoolPeople* John Urpeth Rastrick, an English steam locomotive builder.Places* Foster, Rastrick and Company, an English steam locomotive manufacturing… …   Wikipedia

  • Foster, Rastrick and Company — was one of the pioneering steam locomotive manufacturing companies of England. It was based in Stourbridge, Worcestershire, now West Midlands.James Foster, an ironmaster, and engineer John Urpeth Rastrick became partners in 1816, forming the… …   Wikipedia

  • Morpeth, Northumberland — Coordinates: 55°09′47″N 1°40′41″W / 55.163°N 1.678°W / 55.163; 1.678 …   Wikipedia

  • Land transport — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abt, Roman Ackermann, Rudolph Adams, William Bridges Albone, Daniel Allen, Horatio Aspinall, Sir John Audley Frederick Austin, Herbert Baldwin, Matthia …   Biographical history of technology

  • Railways and locomotives — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abt, Roman Adams, William Bridges Allen, Horatio Aspinall, Sir John Audley Frederick Baldwin, Matthias William Behr, Fritz Bernhard Beyer, Charles F …   Biographical history of technology

  • Thompson, Benjamin — SUBJECT AREA: Land transport, Mining and extraction technology, Railways and locomotives [br] b. 11 April 1779 Eccleshall, Yorkshire, England d. 19 April 1867 Gateshead, England [br] English coal owner and railway engineer, inventor of reciprocal …   Biographical history of technology

  • 1819 in rail transport — EventsJune events* June 24 James Foster and John Urpeth Rastrick partner to form Foster, Rastrick and Company, the English firm that built the first steam locomotives for the Delaware and Hudson Railroad.Births October births * October 27 Henry B …   Wikipedia

  • 1847 in rail transport — Events February events * February 26 ndash; The Somerville and Easton Railroad, a predecessor of the Central Railroad of New Jersey, is chartered.March events* March 9 ndash; The Richmond and Danville Railroad is chartered in Virginia. * March 15 …   Wikipedia

  • Ambergate, Nottingham, Boston and Eastern Junction Railway — MetaSidebar|30%|#eeffff|right|Stations and Landmarks Nottingham London Road Colwick Junction Netherfield Radcliffe on Trent Bingham Aslockton Elton and Orston Bottesford East Sedgebrook Grantham Ambergate Yard Grantham The Ambergate, Nottingham,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.